The 3DNet-Catch hydrologic model: Development and evaluation
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Hydrologic models are important for effective water resources management. They vary in complexity from parsimonious, spatially lumped, to physically-based, fully distributed models, which are generally expected to outperform the former. Wide applications of complex models are limited due to high data and computational demands. Therefore, a new approach based on well-balanced model complexity is needed to obtain reasonable simulation results with low data requirements. This paper presents a novel 3DNet-Catch hydrologic model, developed to represent key processes in sloped catchments under a temperate climate with modest data requirements. 3DNet-Catch includes runoff simulations within computational units by employing the interception, snow and soil routines, as well as runoff and channel routing. The soil routine, which is the key model feature, combines the SCS-CN method, an analytically integrated nonlinear outflow equation and the Brooks-Corey relation for unsaturated conductivity in... an innovative manner. To advance runoff routing in 3DNet-Catch, an approach for analytical integration of the linear and nonlinear outflow equations is implemented. Most model parameters are physically meaningful, thus facilitating model calibration. The model structure can be adjusted according to soil and groundwater flow data, and it can include hydraulic structures, thereby providing adaptability to local conditions. A comprehensive hydrologic evaluation framework is established and conducted to examine whether 3DNet-Catch is adequately parameterised and can accurately reproduce catchment hydrologic response. The model parameterisation is evaluated by sensitivity, identifiability and correlation analyses. Model efficiency is quantified in terms of performance measures, hydrologic signatures and plausibility of the simulated hydrological processes. The results show high sensitivity of the hydrologic variables and performance measures to the model parameters, particularly to those of the soil routine. The parameters are uncorrelated and generally well identifiable. The model performs equally well in the calibration and evaluation periods. High efficiency in the hydrological signatures related to the soil routine indicates its robustness. The results, therefore, suggest that 3DNet-Catch is a comprehensively parameterised, versatile hydrologic model. It realistically reproduces observed hydrographs with modest data requirements, thus being appropriate for both engineering applications and investigative catchment dynamics studies.
Keywords:3DNet-Catch / Conceptual hydrologic models / Continuous hydrologic simulations / Model parameterisation / Robust model evaluation framework / Soil routine
Source:Journal of Hydrology, 2019, 568, 26-45
- Elsevier B.V.
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