Consequences of non planned urban development during turbulent times in Serbia - case study of suburb Kumodraz watershed in Belgrade
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Development is usually based oil numerous analyses accounting for planning, economy and population assessments as well as urbanism, architectural and civil engineering infrastructure planning and project design. The modern city planning begun during Napoleon in Paris, while modern urban planning in Belgrade started in mid nineteenth century. At the end of twentieth century turbulent times occurred in the area of ex Yugoslavia so that numerous plans of development started being misused or never completely respected. Actually, during 1990s urban development in cities of Serbia became rather uncontrolled. In addition, during 1990s many people moved from rural places to, to their opinion, more promising places, most frequently to the Capital city. This paper presents a series of consequences of non planned urban development oil sewer infrastructure operation. Those includes high construction rate including increase Of number of inhabitants at suburban part, namely watershed of the brook Ku...modraz at the southern part of the city of Belgrade. Those changes were noticed during preparation of preliminary design for the reconstruction and upgrading of the combined waste water system at this part of the city. The design preparation included measurements of wastewater and rainfall runoff at the downstream Outlet. During measurement period, which started in 1997, significant differences Occurred in the both base flow, i.e. dry weather flow, as well as in peak flows during moderate and severe rainfall events.