Water storage reservoirs and their role in the development, utilization and protection of catchment
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Reasons why water storage reservoirs are necessary in accordance with the sustainable development strategy are described in the paper. The main positive and negative impacts of reservoirs on the environment are analyzed. The most important are: the improvement of hydrological regimes (decreasing maximal and increasing minimal flows), the creation of optimal water management, utilization and protection of water, and the creation of better conditions for river and coastal ecosystems. Negative impacts and measures for its mitigation or elimination are also analyzed. The conclusion is that water storage reservoirs can be harmoniously incorporated into the environment. Serbia has a limited number of locations suitable for the construction of reservoirs, therefore it is necessary to retain these areas for storage in regional development plans and other legal acts.
Keywords:water storage reservoirs / water as a resource / utilization of water / water protection / ecological aspects / social impacts / environment
Source:Spatium, 2011, 24, 9-15
- Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije, Beograd
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